Introduction to non-conventional sources—Solar, bio-gas, wind, tidal, geothermal.
Basic bio-conversion mechanism; source of waste; simple digester; composition and calorific values of bio-gas.
Wind and tidal energy generation; Special characteristics; Turbine parameters and optimum operation; Electrical power generation from wind/tidal energy.
Energy from the sun: Techniques of collection; Storage and utilisation; Types of solar collectors; Selective surfaces; Solar thermal processes; Heating; Cooling; Drying; Power generation, etc.
Direct energy conversion methods: Photoelectric, thermoelectric, thermionic, MHD (magneto-hydrodynamics) and electro-chemical devices; Solar cells.
Photo voltaic; Amorphous semiconductors; Limitations of photovoltaics efficiency; Fuel cells; Peak load demands; Developments in fuel cells and applications.
Ocean thermal energy conversion; Geothermal energy-hot springs and steam injection; Power plant based on OTEC and geothermal springs.
Fusion energy: Control through fusion of hydrogen and helium. Energy release rates-present status and problems. Future possibilities.
Integrated energy packages using solar, biomass, wind, etc. Comparative study of non-conventional energy sources; Cost considerations and economics.
NON CONVENTIONAL ENERGY SYSTEMS -syllbus