Here in fig 2- The three unit vectors, a, b, c can define a cell as shown by the shaded region in Fig.(a) This cell is known as unit cell (Fig. b) which when repeated
in the three dimensions generates the crystal structure.
Lattice Point and lattice array- If each atom in lattice is replaced by point, then each point is called lattice point and the arrangement of the points is referred to as the lattice array
Space Lattice-space lattice s defined as an array of points in three dimensions in which every point has surroundings identical to that every other point in the array
Bravais Lattices- The unit vectors a,b and c are lattice parameters.Based on their length equality or inequality and their orientation (the angles between them, α, β and ɣ) a total of 7 crystal systems can be defined. With the centering (face, base and body centering) added to these, 14 kinds of 3D lattices, known as Bravais lattices
7 crystal system table
1. cubic a=b=c α = β= γ=90
2. monoclinic a<>b<>c α = β= γ<>90
3. triclinic a<>b<>c α <> β<> γ<>90
4. Tetragonal a<>b<>c α <> β<> γ<>90
5. Orthogonal a<>b<>c α = β= γ=90
6. Rhombohedral a=b=c α = β= γ<>90
7. Hexagonal a=b<>c α = β= γ=120
Answered by Sunil
student, OCC (AMIE Online coaching Class)
What is a unit cell and Bravais lattice explain with figure?
nice topic u shared..
thanx for sharing..easy to understand